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Shake the person and shout, “Are you OK?” If the person is unresponsive
and not breathing, or breathing abnormally (struggling to breathe,
gasping or snoring), direct someone to call 9-1-1 or make the call yourself.
Position the victim on the floor on his or her back. Place the heel of one
hand on top of the other and place the heel of the bottom hand on the
center of the victim’s chest (usually between the nipples). Lock your
elbows and begin forceful chest compressions at a rate of 100 per
minute. After each chest compression make sure you lift the heel of the
hand completely off of the chest.
If an AED (heart with lightening flash symbol) is available, turn the unit on
and follow the voice instructions. If no AED (automated external
defibrillator) is available, perform continuous chest compressions until
the paramedics arrive. Continuous chest compressions is physically
tiring so if someone else is available, take turns changing partners after
each 100 chest compressions.
*In suspected drowning or drug overdose, follow standard CPR
procedures (alternate 30 chest compressions with two mouth-to-mouth
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